What are the tests recommended for the diagnosis of gonorrhoea?
In most cases, a cotton swab is used to remove a sample of discharge from the vagina or the tip of the penis for testing in a laboratory.
The swab looks like a cotton bud, though it’s more rounded and smaller. It is gently wiped over the parts of the body that might be infected to pick up the samples of discharge. The procedure takes only a few seconds and causes no pain. Minimal discomfort may be felt during sample collection.
For women, the doctor may use a swab to collect the sample from the cervix or vagina. In some cases, the sample may be taken from the urethral opening. A urine sample is usually not needed to check for gonorrhoea in women as it is not a highly accurate test for them.
Men are usually asked to provide a sample of urine to test for gonorrhoea. A swab may be used to collect a sample of discharge from the tip of the penis. If you are asked to give a urine sample, do not urinate for at least 2 hours prior as it may wash away the bacteria and affect the result of the test.
In case you have developed symptoms in your eyes, rectum, or throat, the doctor may use a swab to get a sample from these parts.
The results of the gonorrhoea test are usually available within a few hours. Sometimes, patients have to wait for about 2 weeks to know the results.